Newly adapted and re-meaninged like rendition, redaction is no longer an innocent description of wordsmithery and the fashioning of fascicules, but betrays a more directive textual governance.

Rendering the text through changes, black-out obvious or black-out hidden, makes mock of the publication’s personality, style, celebrity, a stark reduction to half or quarter meaning, gaping with a gappy smile or grimace.

With these visibly missing meanings, the result is both less than and more than the authored text. Redaction black-outs have become a narrative tool, a bar-code for censors.

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